James Hutchison was born on 16 August 1893 in Streator, Illinois, to Alexander and Janet "Jessie" (Semple) Hutchison. He was their third child and second son. He shared a birthday with his older brother, Alexander, and his father was a coal miner at the time of his birth. Before James celebrated his first birthday, his family traveled to New York City and boarded the Anchor Line's S/S Ethiopia. They arrived in Glasgow on 14 February 1894 and lived in Scotland for the next 10 years.
When the 1901 census was enumerated, James attended school and the family lived at 31 New Street in Stonehouse. While in Scotland four siblings were added to the family. On 21 July 1904 the family boarded the S/S Furnessia in Glasgow and arrived in New York City on 1 August 1904. They likely took the train to Kirksville, Missouri, their destination.
When the 1910 census was taken James was 17 years old and worked in the coal mines along with his father and older brother. On 5 June 1917 he registered for the draft, lived in Novinger, Missouri, and worked at the Kansas City Midland Coal Company. He was described as being of medium height and build with dark blue eyes and black hair.
He was inducted into the U.S. Army on 13 May 1918 and served as a private in Company A, 34th Infantry Division. He arrived oversears on 18 August 1918 and was honorably discharged on 19 June 1919. The division never fought as a unit during the war, though some elements were sent to other units to support their final operations. By 1920 James Hutchison was back in Novinger, Missouri. He lived with his parents and siblings and worked as a miner.
On 2 September 1921, James Hutchison and Emma Frances Hanlin received a marriage license in Kirksville, Missouri. Both applicants stated they were over the age of 21. They were married on 3 September by Glen A. Lewis, minister, in Novinger. They had a daughter in 1922.
Between 1922 and 1928, the couple had moved to Taylorville, Illinois, which was about 225 miles east of Novinger. The couple lived at 406 West Poplar and James worked as a miner. In 1930 they lived at 811 West Franklin, a home they rented for $16 a month. In 1932, they lived at 720 West Franklin, and by 1940 they owned their own home at 718 West Franklin. The home was valued at $1,500. James continued to work as a coal miner. He had worked 26 weeks in 1939 and his income was reported as $750.
They remained at the West Franklin address when James registered for the World War II draft. He worked for the Peabody Mine Company, at their No. 8 mine. James was 49 years old and his appearance was described as 5-feet 9-inches tall, 170 pounds, blue eyes, brown hair, and a light complexion.
James died on 10 September 1970. At the time of his death he lived in Jacksonville, Illinois. He was buried in Novinger Cemetery in Novinger, Missouri. His wife lived another 13 years.
1901 Scotland Census, 31/03/1901 Hutchison, Alexander (Census 1901 656/00 002/00 024)
1901 Scotland Census, Parish: Stonehouse; ED: 2; Page: 24; Line: 14; Roll: CSSCT1901_353
1910 US Federal Census, Census Place: Nineveh, Adair, Missouri, Roll: T624_766; Page: 20A; Enumeration District: 0015; FHL microfilm: 1374779
1920 US Federal Census, Census Place: Nineveh, Adair, Missouri, Roll: T625_902; Page: 5A; Enumeration District: 17; Image 328
1930 US Federal Census, Census Place: Taylorville, Christian, Illinois; Roll: 411; Page: 6A; Enumeration District: 0035; Image: 413.0; FHL microfilm: 2340146
1940 US Federal Census, Census Place: Taylorville, Christian, Illinois; Roll: T627_767; Page: 4A; Enumeration District: 11-37
Alice (Muir) Jennings' Genealogy Notebook, page 5
Global, Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current, 1970 Hutchison, James
UK, Incoming Passenger Lists, 1878-1960, 1894 Hutchison, James
UK, Outward Passenger Lists, 1890-1960, 1904 Hutchison, James
US, City Directories, 1821-1989, 1928 Taylorville, Illinois
US, City Directories, 1821-1989, 1932 Taylorville, Illinois
US, Missouri, Adair County Historical Society, Cemeteries, Novinger Cemetery
US, Missouri, Find A Grave Index, 1812-2012, 1970 Hutchison, James
US, Missouri, Marriage Records, 1805-2002, 1921 Hutchison, James - Hanlin, Emma Frances
US, Missouri, Soldiers' Records, War of 1812 - World War I, Hutchison, James
US, New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957, 1904 Hutchison, James
US, Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014, Number: 342-03-3671, Illinois
US, World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918, Registration State: Missouri; Registration County: Adair; Roll: 1683088; Draft Board: 1
US, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942, State Headquarters: Illinois; Microfilm Series: M2097; Microfilm Roll: 131